Have you ever left your car parked for a long time without driving it? Maybe because you went on vacation or because of the current pandemic situation. You may have wondered how long your oil will last in this situation.
The answer is not straightforward, as there are many factors that can affect the lifespan of oil in a stationary vehicle. Some people believe that the oil never expires and others say that it’s best to change it before even taking the car out of the garage after months of standing still.
In general terms, if your car has been idle for more than 30 days, there is a higher risk of damage from stale fuel and oil. If you plan on storing your car for an extended period, there are steps you should take to prepare and preserve both the engine and the oil.
“The invention of the automobile was an evolution, not a sudden explosion.” – Bill Veeck
In this article, we’ll explore some of the factors that contribute to oil degradation, discuss the symptoms of bad oil, offer tips on preparing your car for storage, and provide advice on when it’s time to change your car’s oil due to prolonged inactivity.
Whether you’re planning on storing your collection of classic cars, leaving town for a while, or just curious about what happens to your oil during periods of inactivity, keep reading to find out everything you need to know.
Understanding the Shelf Life of Motor Oil
The Basics of Motor Oil Shelf Life
Motor oil is a vital component that keeps your car engine in good working condition. It lubricates different parts of the engine and reduces wear and tear caused by friction. However, like other substances, motor oil has a finite shelf life. Over time, its quality can deteriorate, negatively affecting your vehicle’s performance and compromising engine health.
Every container of motor oil comes with an expiry or “best before” date meant to indicate how long it should last. You must adhere to this information to avoid damaging your engine and risking accidents on the road.
Typically, storage conditions play a crucial role in determining the oil’s overall lifespan, so you should always store them correctly. Avoid keeping containers in direct sunlight as heat can break down the oil molecules faster than necessary—opt for a dry and cool place instead.
Factors That Affect Motor Oil Shelf Life
Aside from proper storage methods, certain factors can affect motor oil’s shelf life:
- Metal contamination: If you leave old oil in an engine for too long, it will accumulate metal dust and particles over time, leading to contaminated oil. These contaminants disrupt oil chemistry and alter the oil’s viscosity rate, reducing its ability to move around the engine.
- Oxidation: Oxidation occurs when oxygen exposure causes chemical reactions within the oil molecules. This reaction impacts the fluid’s effectiveness and breaks down additives added to enhance the oil’s functions. In turn, creating acidic characteristics known for causing rust, corrosion damage and drastically reducing the oil’s longevity.
- Additive destabilization: Relevant to the type of oil used, mechanical and chemical stressors can weaken or destabilize critical additives that enhance cleaning and lubrication. With inadequate additive function drivers will note increased wear on parts accompanied by increased vibrations and noises.
- Water contamination: Water is the enemy when it comes to motor oil. Taking into account heat cycles repeatedly caused by holding onto old oil in an engine for too long, causes water vapour to form, leading to rusting engines and other complications such as corrosion damage.
- The vehicle isn’t driven very often: if your car lies around for extended periods without starting or running the engine at operating temperature consistently – you may subject the oil to excessive exposure to engine moisture levels from combustion gases leading to acidification after repeated heating-cooling cycles which significantly reduces shelf life.
“Motor oil must be stored correctly not only for its value but more importantly to reduce the risks associated with using bad quality engine fluids”
How long does oil last in a car not driven depends on many factors (mentioned above), and while each manufacturer has product-specific “Best before” labels, influencing factors point towards ensuring that the oil stays fresh and contaminant-free through proper storage measures and periodically changing them.
The Impact of Temperature on Motor Oil
Motor oil is an essential component in the proper functioning of a car’s engine. However, like any other substance, heat and cold can have a significant impact on its longevity and efficacy.
How High Temperatures Affect Motor Oil
When motor oil gets too hot, it starts to break down and lose some of its lubrication properties. This breakdown can cause the oil to become thin, which decreases its ability to provide engine protection and reduces fuel efficiency. The high temperatures also lead to the formation of sludge, which may clog up the oil passages or negatively impact your engine’s performance.
A study conducted by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) found that under extreme conditions, the viscosity of engine oils could decrease by 20% for every 18 degrees Fahrenheit increase. The oil needs to maintain its viscosity so that it can coat the moving parts of the engine for optimum protection. Thus, if you live in areas with extremely high temperatures, ensure that the oil you use has suitable viscosity ratings and change it frequently to prevent damage.
How Low Temperatures Affect Motor Oil
Cold temperatures are equally detrimental to motor oil as they cause it to thicken and move sluggishly through your engine, leading to poor lubrication and wear. In extremely chilly conditions, some conventional oils may thicken until they cannot pass through the oil pump pickup screen, preventing them from circulating throughout the engine properly. Moreover, using water-based coolants and not allowing your engine to reach operating temperature adequately before shutting it off during winter months, will introduce moisture into the oil system, resulting in internal rusting or corrosion.
Research shows that low-temperature performance depends mainly on the oil’s viscosity characteristics at lower temperatures, such as zero degrees Fahrenheit. Thus, if you live in colder regions, synthetic oils are highly recommended since they have better low-temperature flow properties than conventional oils.
The Ideal Temperature Range for Motor Oil
While high and low temperatures can cause significant wear and tear on a car’s engine, the ideal temperature range for motor oil is 195°F to 220°F during normal operation. This range ensures that your oil lubricates efficiently, minimizes damage from metal-to-metal contact and maintains peak performance without leaving any deposits.
According to engine experts, an ideal operating temperature helps relax piston ring seal allowing them to function properly, enhances fuel economy, lowers emissions, prevents engine knocking and generally extends engine life. However, it depends on other factors such as vehicle usage patterns and traffic conditions.” says Idemitsu Lubricants America Technical Advisor Bob Rohaley.
- Check your owner’s manual: Automobile manufacturers recommend different types of oil depending on the model or driving conditions. The type of climate determines which viscosity grade (thickness) should be used – refer owners’ manual or speak to a certified mechanic or service agent for better recommendations based on your location weather patterns.
- Frequent Oil Changes: To protect your engine from overheating due to prolonged use under extreme temperatures, always perform regular oil changes when prescribed by the manufacture. Using modern top-tier engineered oil with advanced additives would help in keeping oil fresh/well-lubricated even under demanding situations.
- Park in Shade: Parking vehicles at shady spots like garages, using sun shields will improve interiors staying cool reducing load on air conditioning system and relive battery drain issues.
“Symptoms of using bad/inferior quality engine oil arise gradually with continued use over time and often go unnoticed until severe damage has already occurred. So, detecting warning signs before the problem gets worse is important in vehicle maintenance”. -Carter Kramer, Digital Marketing Manager of MicksGarage.com.
Motor oil is essential to maintain efficient engine performance. Temperature plays a significant role in affecting its viscosity and stretch life. Regular oil changes when maintaining the vehicles at ideal temperature ranges with proper lubrication will enhance longevity, fuel economy, lower emissions levels, protect your investment from catastrophic damage while minimizing repair bills.
What Happens When Oil Sits in a Car?
Many car owners wonder about how long oil lasts in a car not driven, especially when their vehicle has been sitting idle for an extended period. It is essential to understand the impact of oil that sits in your car as this can cause severe damage to various engine parts.
Oxidation and Breakdown of Oil
If you leave your car in storage for an extended period, it is possible for the oil to become oxidized or begin breaking down. As time passes, air enters the engine and reacts with the oil present inside it. This reaction causes oxidation, which leads to the oil becoming thick and sludgy. Such contamination of oil can render it ineffective in lubricating different engine components.
Oxidation of the oil significantly reduces its ability to resist harmful deposits forming on engine surfaces. In turn, these deposits accumulate over time, leading to several problems like corrosion and rusting of critical components. Furthermore, breakdown contaminants can also cause increased friction in the engine. Increased friction translates to higher wear rates on mechanical parts hence reducing overall engine reliability and longevity. These outcomes call for urgent steps to prevent oil from breaking down inside your car’s engine if not used regularly.
Formation of Sludge and Deposits
Sitting oils offer excellent breeding ground conditions for many insoluble engine substances such as particles suspended in soot, unburned gasoline debris, solidified water moisture, among other materials. As they stay immobile within the car’s system due to lack of circulation, these residues form sticky mud-like compositions referred to as oil sludge. If everything stays intact without intervention, the new formation results in pore clogging that may lead to poor performance of various engine mechanisms. Consequently, most advanced state engines come with oil pressure alerts to notify drivers when an emergency looms.
In the event that oil sits in your car for too long, it is likely that harmful deposits will form. These deposits can cause severe damage such as wearing out your engine. Deposits may also accumulate on critical parts of your vehicle such as fuel injectors and valves, and even gunk up moving mechanical components like tappets and piston heads. All this leads to complicated problems that require careful maintenance if not timely solving.
Corrosion and Rusting of Engine Parts
The presence of water vapor within your engine due to its materialistic makeup becomes a liability when driving typically since heat burns excess moisture that condenses back into liquid once switched off. When cars sit inactive for several months or years without fluid movement, deposited moisture quickly gets soaked deep inside engine surfaces corroding critical parts home circles, damaging bearings, among others. As time passes while sitting oil breaks down, it renders protection capabilities against metal corrosion useless, leaving various moving components exposed to rust elements buildup.
“Oil doesn’t break down uniformly; some compounds complete oxidation rapidly while other more stable molecules remain relative to heavy slicks” – Royal Purple
To prevent the aforementioned complications caused by stagnant oils from arising, preemptively opt for techniques to manage them effectively such as changing them after every fewer miles driven. For quality assurance, always look for synthetic brands that offer better longevity when idle in comparison to conventional ones resulting in a lower frequency of new installations required after extended periods.
Leaving oil in a car’s engine for too long damages critical parts and impairs overall performance. If you intend to store your vehicle for an extended period without using it, ensure that the oil is frequently replaced and all fluids are drained from the system. Maintaining your car’s engine health involves good quality oil, frequent inspections, and changing your engine oils on time can help extend the life of your car’s engine.
Signs Your Motor Oil Needs to Be Changed
Regularly changing the oil in your car is one of the most important things you can do to keep it running smoothly. But how long does oil last in a car not driven? Unfortunately, there’s no easy answer to this question since several factors affect motor oil’s lifespan. However, certain signs indicate when it’s time to get an oil change.
Dark, Dirty Oil
If you can’t remember the last time you got an oil change or if it’s been more than six months, check your oil level and color. Good oil has a straw-color appearance and feels slick between your fingers. In contrast, dirty oil looks darker and may have debris floating in it. When you don’t drive your car frequently, moisture builds up inside the engine, leading to sludge formation. Continuous exposure to moisture can cause oxidization, which darkens the oil. Additionally, dust particles accumulate over time, resulting in dirty oil. So, if you see dirty oil, the best thing to do is take your vehicle to an auto-service shop.
Low Oil Level
When cars sit for extended periods, their oil tends to settle at the bottom of the engine. This occurrence leads to decreased oil pressure due to air pockets forming at start-up on the oil pump pickup tube. Therefore, always ensure that the oil level is appropriate before starting your car after prolonged storage. If you notice that your oil level is lower than usual even though it hasn’t been too long since you changed your oil, you might have an oil leak. Make sure to address any leaks right away because low oil levels can damage your engine and lead to expensive repairs in the future.
Engine Noise or Knocking
If you are still wondering how long does oil last in a car not driven, listening to your engine’s sound is another way to tell when you need an oil change. Fresh oil lubricates the engine parts and keeps them moving smoothly, thus reducing noise. When you hear a ticking or knocking sound coming from under the hood, that may indicate metal rubbing against each other due to insufficient lubrication. Ignoring this issue can lead to worse problems like engine seizure, so get this check as soon as possible.
Check Engine Light
The check engine light is one of the most critical signals your car uses to communicate with you. If your dashboard displays it, your vehicle needs immediate attention; getting it checked at the auto-service shop should be your top priority. While issues activating the check engine lamp are various, failing to regularly maintain your vehicle can shorted its lifespan. Moreover, neglecting maintenance tasks may cause small problems that can go unnoticed until they snowball into more severe (and expensive) ones.
“Regular servicing should help prevent such failures occurring.” -The AA
If you let your car sit for extended periods without care, motor oil has lower life expectancy since moisture accumulates inside the engine leading to sludge formation. Regularly checking motor oil color, level, sounds, and completing the scheduled maintenance improves your car’s longevity by averting considerable repair bills in the future.
How to Store Your Car to Maximize the Life of Your Motor Oil
If you’re planning on storing your car for an extended period, it’s important to take the necessary precautions to ensure that your motor oil remains in good condition. Many people don’t realize that leaving motor oil unused for a long time can cause damage to your engine and reduce the longevity of your vehicle’s lifespan.
Park Your Car in a Cool, Dry Place
The first step to maximizing your motor oil lifespan is parking your vehicle in a cool and dry place. Avoid placing your car in damp or humid locations such as basements and garages with no ventilation. Humidity causes moisture buildup which affects the effectiveness of the oil filter by causing rust in your car’s steel components. Consequently, leading to slower oil breakdowns.
Avoid parking your car outside due to adverse weather conditions; sunlight and humidity degrade oil quality and reduce its ability to lubricate moving parts. Find an indoor garage, preferably one without direct sunlight exposure or varied temperatures.
Change Your Oil Before Storage
Experts recommend getting your oil changed before storing your car. Fresh oil has better chemical properties than old oil. When left idle for a long time, stagnant oil oxidizes, forming sludge and other debris which doesn’t stick to the moving car parts, causing wear and tear. By changing your oil before storage, it ensures that all debris has been removed from the car and the new fresh oil will not break down quickly.
Also, when draining the remnants of the previous oil, let the engine run for at least 10 minutes to help eradicate any impurities that have accumulated during the day-to-day operations. While doing so make sure that this does not exceed standard driving procedures to maintain energy efficiency and economy while enhancing protection against oil degradation.
Lastly, top up the gas tank and add fuel stabilizer to prevent moisture buildup. Having a full tank will keep air from entering your fuel system, thus reducing oxidation in between start-ups or driving tours, and it also prevents rust on the metal parts of the car.
“Fresh engine oil does a better job of keeping the moving components lubricated.”
“Storing your vehicle with old oil can cause sludge to form, leading to increased wear on critical moving parts.”
Frequently Asked Questions
How long can oil last in a car that is not driven?
Oil in a car that is not driven can last up to six months or longer. However, it is recommended to change the oil every six months to ensure the engine remains lubricated and protected from rust and corrosion.
What happens to oil in a car that sits for a long time?
Oil in a car that sits for a long time can break down and lose its lubricating properties. Moisture can also accumulate in the oil, causing rust and corrosion in the engine. It is important to change the oil regularly, even if the car is not driven often.
How often should you change the oil in a car that isn’t driven regularly?
If a car isn’t driven regularly, it is recommended to change the oil at least once every six months. This will ensure that the oil remains fresh and can protect the engine from rust and corrosion. If the car is driven less than 1,000 miles per year, the oil should still be changed annually.
Does the type of oil used affect how long it lasts in a car that isn’t driven?
The type of oil used can affect how long it lasts in a car that isn’t driven. Synthetic oil tends to last longer than conventional oil, and high-mileage oil contains additives that can help protect the engine. However, regardless of the type of oil used, it is still important to change it regularly.
What are some signs that the oil in a car that isn’t driven has gone bad?
Some signs that the oil in a car that isn’t driven has gone bad include a dark, gritty appearance, a burnt smell, and a decrease in engine performance. If any of these signs are present, it is important to change the oil as soon as possible to prevent damage to the engine.
Can you extend the life of oil in a car that isn’t driven by adding additives?
Adding oil additives can help extend the life of oil in a car that isn’t driven. These additives can help protect the engine from rust and corrosion, and can also help improve performance. However, it is still important to change the oil regularly to ensure that the engine remains properly lubricated.