How To Evacuate Car AC System? Learn The Proper Way To Do It!

Spread the love

Have you been experiencing problems with your car’s air conditioning system lately? Maybe it’s not running as cool as it used to or producing strange noises. If that’s the case, then it might be time to evacuate the system.

Evacuation is a process of removing any moisture, air, and other contaminants from the AC system before filling it with refrigerant again. This makes sure that the new refrigerant will work efficiently and prevent any damage to the components.

But how do you properly evacuate a car AC system? Where should you start, and what tools do you need?

“Learning how to evacuate the car AC system can save you some money and headache instead of taking your vehicle to an auto repair shop.”

In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps on how to evacuate your car’s AC system effectively. We’ll cover everything from the equipment needed to the proper techniques and safety precautions. By the end of this article, you’ll have a better understanding of how to take care of your vehicle’s AC system like a pro.

What Is Car AC System Evacuation?

The Purpose of Car AC System Evacuation

Car AC system evacuation is a process of removing all air and moisture from the car’s air conditioning system. The purpose of this process is to ensure that the system runs at its full capacity and doesn’t cause any long-term damage to the components.

The AC system in a car contains several different parts such as the compressor, condenser, evaporator, and expansion valve. These components work together to compress, cool, and circulate refrigerant through the system so that the cabin temperature remains comfortable during driving. However, over time, air and moisture can enter the system, causing it to perform poorly or not function at all. Hence, evacuating the AC system becomes necessary.

“AC systems require proper maintenance for efficient performance.” – FixMyAC

The Process of Car AC System Evacuation

The process of evacuating the car’s AC system involves the following steps:

  • Step 1: Turn off the engine and disconnect the battery cable to prevent electrical shock.
  • Step 2: Attach the vacuum pump hose to the low-pressure service port, also known as the suction side of the AC system.
  • Step 3: Operate the vacuum pump to create a deep vacuum inside the system. If the pressure gauge reads below 29 inches, it means that there’s no air left inside the system, and you can proceed with the next step.
  • Step 4: Keep the vacuum running for at least 30 minutes so that all moisture inside the system gets absorbed. Moisture causes corrosion and damages the AC system components.
  • Step 5: After 30 minutes, close the valve on the vacuum pump to turn it off.
  • Step 6: Detach the vacuum pump hose from the low-pressure service port and wait for a couple of minutes. If the pressure gauge reads above 29 inches, there’s probably a leak in the system that needs fixing before proceeding further.
  • Step 7: Charge the refrigerant into the high-pressure side of the AC system and check the pressure readings. Make sure that the AC system holds pressure without leaking.

The process might seem complicated, but it can ensure that your car’s AC system runs efficiently and cools your vehicle during hot summer days without any glitches.

“Regular maintenance is key to keeping your car’s AC healthy.” – Jalopnik

When Should You Evacuate Your Car AC System?

If you want your car’s air conditioning system to work efficiently all year round, it is important to evacuate the old refrigerant before adding new ones and servicing or replacing any components. Below are some of the situations when you should consider evacuating your car’s AC system:

Before Adding Refrigerant

One of the most critical times to evacuate your car’s AC system is before adding more refrigerant. It clears out any remaining refrigerant, moisture, or impurities that might be in the system before replenishing it with a new one. When there is too much old refrigerant left inside the system, it can negatively impact the performance and reduce cooling capacity.

According to Mitchell1, “recharging an A/C (air conditioning) system without first evacuating its contents can result in damage to the compressor and other components due to liquid slugging.” This means that if you don’t properly evacuate the system, the compressor will attempt to compress liquid, which could break it apart, causing damage and costly repairs.”

After Repairing a Leak

If you notice your car’s AC system isn’t effectively cooling your cabin after refilling it with refrigerant, there could be a refrigerant leak in the system. After fixing any leaks in your car’s AC system, always ensure that an evacuation process has been performed to remove any residual air and recover any remaining refrigerant.

Air and humidity trapped within the closed circuit can react with the refrigerant and cause unwanted chemical reactions such as acid formation, leading to corrosion of the metal pipes, hoses, and fittings over time. As a result, evacuating the AC system eliminates such risks and improves the vehicle’s air quality by removing contaminants and debris that could have accumulated over time, reducing its life span.

When Changing AC Components

Sometimes an AC component may fail and require replacement. When changing out any major part of your car’s air conditioning system like the compressor or a service valve, you’ll need to evacuate it before doing anything else. This ensures that all existing refrigerant has been fully recovered while still in good working condition for future use.

The US Environmental Protection Agency recommends discharging refrigerant from the air conditioner “into proper reclamation equipment, so contaminants do not escape into the environment.” Likewise, it is essential to evacuate the old refrigerant safely when making changes in the AC system because old refrigerants can be harmful to people and the environment.

“Even small amounts of CFC-12 (R-12) remaining in hoses or components should be removed from the vehicle A/C (air conditioning) system. Even though the reclamation process will take care of any contaminated R-12 properly returned to it,” said Len Groom, ASE Blue Seal Tech Academy Instructor.

Evacuating the AC system of your car is crucial if you want it to beat the heat during summer months and keep you warm during winter. It also makes subsequent repairs easier while improving the quality of indoor air by keeping the cabin clean and free from debris and allergens.

Tools Needed To Evacuate Your Car AC System

Vacuum Pump

A vacuum pump is an essential tool needed to evacuate your car AC system. Without it, air and moisture will remain in the system, which can cause damage to the compressor and other parts of the AC system. A vacuum pump works by creating a vacuum in the AC system that removes any residual refrigerant, oil, and debris. It also eliminates or greatly reduces the amount of air and moisture inside the system.

There are two types of vacuum pumps: electric and manual. Electric vacuum pumps use electricity to power the suction action, while manual pumps require manual effort to create a vacuum. An electric vacuum pump is generally faster and less labor-intensive than a manual one, but both serve the same purpose and produce similar results.

Manifold Gauge Set

A manifold gauge set is another vital tool needed to evacuate your car AC system. A manifold gauge set connects the vacuum pump to the AC system and allows you to monitor the pressure levels inside the system as well as control the evacuation process. This set consists of three gauges: a high-pressure gauge, a low-pressure gauge, and a compound gauge.

The high-pressure gauge measures the pressure on the high side of the system, while the low-pressure gauge measures the pressure on the low side of the system. The compound gauge indicates the pressure difference between the high and low sides of the system. These gauges help identify leaks, detect clogs, and ensure proper evacuation of the AC system before refilling with new refrigerant.

Refrigerant Recovery Machine

If you intend to work on the AC system, then having a refrigerant recovery machine is a must-have. The primary function of this tool is to recover any remaining refrigerant from the AC system before evacuating it. This step ensures that no refrigerant is accidentally released into the atmosphere, which can contribute to environmental pollution.

A refrigerant recovery machine is also necessary for legal compliance since releasing refrigerants into the atmosphere is illegal and could lead to legal consequences. The machine works by removing the refrigerant from the system through a series of valves and filters and storing it in a tank for safe disposal or reuse.

Leak Detection Kit

A leak detection kit is an additional tool that can ensure the complete evacuation of your car’s AC system as well as detect potential future leaks. A leak detection kit includes dye and a UV light source to detect leaks easily. This approach allows you to locate leaks that cannot be seen with the naked eye.

The procedure involves adding fluorescent dye to the AC system, running the AC system, and using a UV lamp to illuminate all areas where refrigerant leaks may occur. Once detected, repairing such leaks will help prevent any more significant damage to the compressor and other components of the air conditioning system while ensuring optimal performance.

“AC maintenance regularly can prevent further problems.” -Reputed Mechanic

Properly evacuating your car’s AC system is essential for its top-notch performance and long-term health. Without proper evacuation and recharging, the air conditioning systems would malfunction sooner than later.

Step-By-Step Guide To Evacuating Your Car AC System

If your car AC system is not functioning satisfactorily or not blowing cold air, it may need to be evacuated. In this guide, we will show you how to evacuate your car’s AC system to fix any problems.

Connect the Manifold Gauge Set

To start with evacuating your car’s AC system, you’ll need a manifold gauge set and an AC vacuum pump. Connect one end of the vacuum pump hose to the low‐pressure port of the manifold gauges and the other end to the final outlet port of the vacuum pump. Make sure that all the valves on the manifold are closed before connecting them to the vehicle’s pressure ports.

The gauge set comes with two hoses, red for high-pressure side connection, blue for the low-pressure side connection, and yellow color for refrigerant replacement. Next, connect the blue hose of the manifold gauge set to the low‐pressure port (suction port) of the compressor and the red hose to the high‐pressure port (discharge port). Tighten the connections with wrenches and open the valve of the suction line.

Evacuate the System

With both hoses connected and manifold gauges valves shut, now turn on the vacuum pump and let it run for at least 30 minutes so that it pulls out every little bit of moisture and old oil from the hoses, evaporator, condenser, and compressor unit. It will reduce the chance of acidic build-up and corrosion in your AC system. The needed amount of vacuum time depends on the evacuation equipment present at hand. Mostly lately manufactured cars have systems that use PAG oils which degrade and destroy after about four hours’ worth of exposure. Hence, being aware of that too many PAG oils diminish the strength of moisture absorbent like molecular sieve, and you will need to swap your refrigerant-powered evacuation equipment frequently. Once you’ve completed pumping out any existing gasses from inside all parts of your vehicle’s AC system, leave it running for at least 25 to 30 minutes.

Once you’re sure that the vacuum has removed all air and moisture from the AC system, close off both cylinders on the manifold gauge set; turn off the vacuum pump, verify the needle pointers and high pressure/low-pressure readings staying at 0 PSI without leaking (if there is still a leak detected in the hose or other part connected, fix it first before continuing).

“Proper vacuuming of an A/C system requires specialized equipment and knowledge.” -Dave Hobbs

The bottom line is that evacuating your car’s AC system with precision leaves no scope for air pockets that reduce coolant circulation or contamination causing on-time clogging in the filter drier. Experts mostly suggest recirculating throughout by following the standard principles of filtration element changes, but this activity saves cash as the replacing valve core steps raises costs over time than replacing sealing O-rings only.

Evacuating your car AC system can be done using the right tools and following proper techniques to ensure optimal performance. It eliminates old oil, atmospheric gasses, and corrosive acid build-up barriers preventing subsequent damage to essential components’ lifespan in your car’s AC unit.

How To Tell If Your Car AC System Has Been Properly Evacuated?

If you want to maintain your car’s air conditioning system and keep it working effectively, it is essential to evict the air inside the system. In other words, evacuate the old refrigerant and vacuum out any moisture and contaminants from the system before charging it with fresh refrigerant. But how can you determine if the evacuation process was done correctly? Read on to find out!

Check the Vacuum Level

The first thing you need to do after an AC evacuation is to confirm whether the system’s vacuum pressure reached its optimal level. It means that no leaks are present in the system, allowing a full vacuum to form, indicating that all air and moisture are eliminated. For best results, you must use a vacuum gauge or instrument to measure the vacuum level accurately.

A healthy automotive AC vacuum holds steady at 28-29 inches of mercury (inHg). However, keep in mind that atmospheric pressure affects this measurement and varies depending on altitude. Therefore, always consult your manufacturer specification chart to make sure you have achieved the correct vacuum pressure for your vehicle’s model.

Moreover, ensure that the vacuum applied to the AC components or hoses stays constant and does not fade over time. This occurrence implies there may be a leak somewhere within the system, either part of the console wasn’t tightened enough during installation, or further investigation needs to take place. The bottom line; do not proceed to recharge the AC system until you’ve confirmed the vacuum level has been achieved and maintained throughout the evacuation procedure.

Perform a Leak Test

In addition to checking the vacuum level, it’s critical to identify whether the air conditioning system still retains its charge after the initial test. A standard practice performed by professionals is to use a refrigerant or electronic leak detector. There are various ways you can do your leak test, such as adding UV dye into the system, pressurizing it with nitride of the right amount, and testing for leaks using an electronic leak detector tool.

Another way this can be done is by letting the car sit after AC recharging for several days without driving it. If no issues arise within those few days (no parts of the AC system become loose), then it’s safe to assume that each element has been fitted correctly, sealed well, and tested whether it leaked or not. Lack of visible wear will also give peace of mind, knowing that nothing has gone wrong during everyday vehicle operation.

“If your AC system hasn’t been evacuated properly before refilling with new refrigerant, the likelihood is that someone either skipped a step or did it incorrectly altogether! Don’t waste time attempting temporary fixes at home when investing in professional air conditioning service could save significant time and money!” -Cobra Auto Spare Parts

Keeping your car’s AC working efficiently requires periodic evacuation procedures performed by professionals. Knowing how to tell if your car’s AC system was properly evacuated, like checking the vacuum level and performing a leak test, ensures that optimal pressure levels have been met, and no components were left loose. By following these steps, you can rest assured that your car’s air conditioning will keep functioning smoothly and providing quality air for years to come!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Car AC System Evacuation?

Car AC system evacuation is the process of removing refrigerant and moisture from the AC system using a vacuum pump. This is done to prepare the system for recharging with fresh refrigerant and to prevent moisture from damaging the system.

Why is It Necessary to Evacuate Car AC System?

It is necessary to evacuate the car AC system to remove old refrigerant and moisture that can cause damage and reduce the efficiency of the system. The removal of old refrigerant also ensures that the system is recharged with the correct amount of new refrigerant to work efficiently.

How to Prepare Your Car for AC System Evacuation?

To prepare your car for AC system evacuation, turn off the engine, disconnect the battery, and open the hood of the car. Locate the service ports on the AC system, and remove the valve caps. Ensure that the vacuum pump and AC gauges are working correctly before starting the evacuation process.

What Tools and Equipment Are Needed for Car AC System Evacuation?

The tools and equipment needed for car AC system evacuation include a vacuum pump, AC gauges, refrigerant identifier, valve core removal tool, and a container to collect the old refrigerant. Safety gear like gloves and goggles should also be worn during the process.

What Are the Steps to Evacuate Car AC System?

The steps to evacuate the car AC system include connecting the vacuum pump to the service ports, running the pump to remove the old refrigerant and moisture from the system, checking the vacuum level, and then closing the valves on the gauges. The system is then ready for recharging with fresh refrigerant.

What Are the Common Mistakes to Avoid During Car AC System Evacuation?

Common mistakes to avoid during car AC system evacuation include failing to properly prepare the car, using a vacuum pump with low suction power, failing to check the vacuum level, and not repairing leaks before evacuating the system. It is also important to use safety gear to protect against refrigerant exposure.

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!